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#### one_levelset

Name

one_levelset Get boundaries of level set, using a simplified merging criterion in the 'well-known' segmentation algorithm

Command Synopsis

one_levelset [-l level] [-b boundary] [-p polygons] [-G f_levelset] [-B b_levelset] fimage

-l level : pixels <  =level' (float) belong to the level set, default 127

-b boundary : output boundary of levelset, file cimage formated

-p polygons : output boundary of levelset, file fpolygons formated

-G f_levelset : output levelset with gray-level', file fimage formated

-B b_levelset : output levelset b/w, file cimage formated

fimage : original image

Function Summary

void one_levelset (level , cb , pb , fu , cu , image_org )

float *level ;

Cimage cb , cu ;

Fpolygons pb ;

Fimage fu ;

Fimage image_org ;

Description

This function generates a level set out of fimage. More precisely the program segments the original image into two classes of regions. First the regions which have gray level lower or equal than level, the other regions are those with gray level above level.

In this application we consider the level set L to be given by

L = {(x, y)  /  g(x, y) level}

where g is the original picture.

Different possibilities to view the result are given. Either one wants the boundary of the level set, the -b option draws the boundary set in a cimage boundary and -p writes the coordinates of the contours into fpolygons polygons. Or one wants an image of the level set, then with -B we obtain a black and white picture (the pixels of L being black) and with -G the pixels of L will be drawn in color sup{g(x, y)  /  (x, y) L} and the other pixels will be in color sup{g(x, y)  /  (x, y) L}. For example you want the f_levelset for level=127 of an image which has only gray values 0,20,50,100,200 and 220. Then the set L will be drawn with gray 100 and the other pixels with gray 220.

Notice that L is made of disjoined (in the 4-neighborhood sense) connected sets which thus have closed Jordan curves as boundaries.

Let us give some more details about the -p option. The file polygons will be in the MW2-format fpolygons. The coordinates of the boundary are floats as they always have a decimal part of 0.5 . In figure 3 we represent a image where the pixels are represented by squares (white or gray). The level set (gray squares) is bounded by its border, the black dots () which are drawn are the points you will find in the fpolygons structure, the coordinates can be read on the axes drawn above and besides the pixels''.

Each fpolygon has two channels of information, the first is the level, the second is a signed label. This label (int) shows which contours belong to the same set, if the label is positive the current contour is the outer' boundary of the set (thus it is unique), if the label is negative the current contour is inside' the set (it is a hole). For example the image of figure 3 will yield one fpolygon labeled 1 with 14 points and one fpolygon, labeled -1, made out of 4 points only.

The contour is oriented (the pixels are ordered) such that the set is always on the left if you follow the list of points.

For example lets say that the result in polygons is made out of 5 fpolygon elements with labels 1,-1,2,-2,-2. This means that there are 2 connected sets which compose L, one having one hole the other one two. There is no information available whether set 1 is in a hole of set 2, or set 2 in the hole of set 1, or if both sets are completely apart.

Notice that if a set has just negative labeled contours then it is the background (as the image boundary is not coded).

Currently there are a few'' restrictions for the use of the -p option. The result of the segmentation should just contain regions which have only boundaries made out of one (1!) connected component. Also should a set of L either be the background or not touch at all the boundary of the image. If one of these cases occurs the program will exit the construction of the polygons file.

Version 1.01

Last Modification date : Thu Nov 29 20:23:56 2001

Author

Georges Koepfler

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mw 2004-05-05